Similarities and differences between astronomy and astrology
Today we understand astronomy as a science, and astrology as a pseudoscience. Other pseudoscience like aether, the classical elements, alchemy, and more simply evolved to become chemistry, physics, and quantum physics. An astrologer looks at positions of celestial bodies over time and makes predictions about how events will unfold and how humans are affected on a physical, emotional, spiritual , and mental level.
An astronomer studies the position of celestial bodies and their relationship to the universe in an effort to understand the nature of space. Astronomy and Astrology linguistically refer to the stars, but their fields of study are very different. Some people confuse astronomy and astrology with each other.
They are very different fields with very different applications, despite the ways in which they interconnect. Fact Myth. Myth Astronomy and astrology are the same thing. Notable amongst them were the ancient Egyptian and Babylonian civilizations.
Astrology vs Astronomy
But it is very likely that forms of astrology have very deep roots indeed in human existence. Once upon a time, both fields were actually one and of the same thing. This all changed during the "Age of Reason" when astrology was rejected en masse as mere superstition. Astrology and astronomy were, more or less, united as a discipline right up to the 17th Century. Prior to this, especially during the late medieval period, astronomy was treated as the foundation upon which astrology operated.
It wasn't until the 18th Century that the two fields started to become regarded as completely separate disciplines.
It is for this reason that astronomy is, today, widely considered a true science whilst astrology has been relegated to the status of a form of divination and superstition, and a pseudoscience at best. Whilst this distinction seems obvious to us today, it is important to understand astrology's importance in the story of mankind. Belief in such things pushed humanity forward to observe and contemplate the world outside of day to day mundane existence. It is, in a sense, one of the cornerstones of the development of human ingenuity.
Whilst its utility as a means of prediction is long past its sell-by date, it should be cherished like an old family heirloom.
Comparing Astrology and Astronomy
We have already explored the difference between astronomy and astrology, but what about cosmology? Modern cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which brings together observational astronomy and particle physics. It is, in this sense, a subdiscipline of astronomy but a well defined and large one at that.
Cosmology has gained a lot of impetus since the 20th Century and has led to some of the most fascinating insights into the universe at large. Prominent scientists the likes of Stephen Hawking , a beloved and missed British cosmologist, have pushed human understanding to its breaking point. But even his incredible work is not even the tip of the iceberg with regards to understanding the universe at large.
Whilst belief is usually associated with the realm of Religion, it can be argued that it is also true for scientists.
This leads to older, long-held to be true theories, and concepts to be completely abandoned in favor of better explanations for natural phenomena. In fact, Scientific study is littered with examples of completely wrong theories, like the "Aether" for example. And so, as we have seen, astronomy and astrology have some overlap and common shared history. In the sense that both disciplines observe and study the motion of celestial bodies, it can be said that it is true that astronomers 'believe' in astrology.
But that is as far as the similarity ends. The vast, vast majority of astronomers , hands-down, reject the rest of astrology as having any real credibility.
What's the difference between astronomy and astrology?
At least for now Since astronomy is "t he branch of science which deals with celestial objects, space and the physical universe as a whole", the simple answer is no. But as we have seen, the two disciplines share a common ancestry and some aspects of each do overlap. Both astronomy and astrology were once united in a single discipline whose history is probably as old as human civilization.